Properties of elemental and compound semiconductors

proceedings of a technical conference, Boston, 1959
  • 4.66 MB
  • English
Interscience , New York, London
Statementsponsored by the Semiconductors Committee of the Institute of Metals Division of the Metallurgical Society and Boston Section, American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers ; edited by Harry C. Gatos.
ContributionsGatos, Harry C., Metallurgical Society. Institute of Metals Division. Semiconductors Committee., American Institute of Mining,Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers. Boston Section.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19937265M

Part of the Electronic Materials Series book series (EMAT, volume 5) Abstract To understand and to define the crystal structure, two important concepts are introduced, i.e., the lattice and the by: 6.

The aim of this 3-volume reference is to present accurate, reliable and up-to-date information on the physical properties of group IV elemental semiconductors (Vol. 1), III-V compound semiconductors (Vol. 2) and II-VI semiconductors Properties of elemental and compound semiconductors book.

Receive an update when the latest chapters in this book series are published. Sign in to set up alerts Chapter 1 Elastic Constants and Related Properties of Semiconductor Compounds and their Alloys. A.-B. Chen, Arden Sher, W.T. Yost. Pages select article Chapter 3 The Plasticity of Elemental and Compound Semiconductors.

https://doi. elements used for the growth of semiconductors. We hope this book will be not only a handy source for information on topics in semiconductor physics but also a handbook for looking up material parameters for a wide range of semiconductors.

We have made the book easier to use for many readers who are more familiar with the SI system of units. Purchase Processing and Properties of Compound Semiconductors, Volume 73 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNPrice: $ compound semiconductors, because they are compounds of two or more elements.

This book is a guide to the science, technology, and applications of the most important of these semiconductors, composed of one element from column III, and one from column V, of the Periodic Table -- the so-called compound III-V semiconductors, such as GaAs, InP and GaN.

The stages of dynamical recovery during creep Properties of elemental and compound semiconductors book constant strain-rate experiments are reviewed in this chapter. The role of dopants in deformation processes in elemental semiconductors is also explored.

Chapter 4 is devoted to deformation of compound semiconductors and the influence of both isovalent and non-isovalent dopants. Semiconductors Subvolume B II-VI and I-VII Compounds; Semimagnetic Compounds coll. Vols.

III/17a-i and III/22a, b (supplement) on semiconductor physics and technology have been published earlier, the latter covering new data on the technologically important group IV elements and III-V, II-VI and I-VII compounds only.

Description Properties of elemental and compound semiconductors EPUB

Elemental semiconductors Compound semiconductors - binaries 1. III-V's; 2. II-IV's; 3. IV-VI's; 4. I-VII's Alloy semiconductors 1. Ternaries; 2. Quarternaries; 3. Others: a) More than 4; b) Si-Ge • Properties vs. composition (Making sense of all the options) Crystal structure Energy band structure Carrier type and transport Optical properties.

In the last part of the book, the physics and functionality of optoelectronic and electronic device structures (LEDs, laser diodes, solar cells, field-effect and heterojunction bipolar transistors) are discussed on the basis of the specific properties of compound semiconductors presented in the preceding chapters of the book.

Properties of Semiconductor Alloys Other than elemental and compound semiconductors, semiconductor alloys also exist and are extremely useful. For example Si1-x Gex is a binary allows of Si and Ge and the lattice of Si1-x Gex consists of x fraction of Ge atoms and 1-x fraction of Si atoms arranged randomly.

On the other hand SiC is a. 6) Explanation of these properties can be found in speciality books.[] 7) Among many Ternary Semiconductor Compounds, which consist of more than two elements, only some show semiconductor properties.

8) Ternary Semiconductor Compounds, which show semiconductor properties, have the following features according to Wilson’s model. This chapter discusses atomic properties of group III–V and group IV elements of the periodic table.

Atoms from group III b of the periodic table combine with atoms from group V b to form crystalline semiconducting compounds. These are known as semiconductors III–V compounds. The UK has been conducting compound semiconductor research for over 20 years and has invested nearly £m in research into compound semiconductor materials and the application of semiconductor devices.

With the market expected to grow to £ billion bythe UK is aiming to be a global force in compound semiconductors. Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF.

The compounds which gallium forms with nitrogen, phosphorus, arsenic, and antimony are isoelectronic with the Group 14 elements. There has been considerable interest, particularly in the physical properties of these compounds, since when Welker first showed that they had semiconducting properties analogous to those of silicon and germanium.

Semiconductors comprising a single element are called elemental semiconductors, including the famous semiconductor material Silicon. On the other hand, semiconductors made up of two or more compounds are called compound semiconductors, and are used in semiconductor lasers, light-emitting diodes, etc.

The 14 elements following lanthanum (z=57) are called lanthanides, and the 14 following actinium (z=89) are called actinides. Elements in the periodic table can be placed into two broad categories, metals and nonmetals.

Most metals are good conductors of heat and electricity, are malleable and ductile, and are moderate to high melting points.

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The next two chapters illustrate the existing perception of the electronic and structural properties of elemental and compound semiconductor surfaces. This volume also deals with the properties of adsorption of semiconductors relating to both relevant gas phase species and metals.

Book Author(s): Sergio Pizzini. Search for more papers by this author This chapter presents the application of thermodynamics and physical chemistry to elemental and compound semiconductors, assuming knowledge of the fundamental laws of thermodynamics and the basic principles of solid state and semiconductor physics.

The properties of a. A compound semiconductor is a semiconductor compound composed of chemical elements of at least two different species.

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These semiconductors typically form in periodic table groups 13–15 (old groups III–V), for example of elements from the Boron group (old group III, boron, aluminium, gallium, indium) and from group 15 (old group V, nitrogen, phosphorus, arsenic, antimony, bismuth).

Compound semiconductors are semiconductors that are made from two or more elements. Silicon is made from a single element, and therefore is not a compound semiconductor. Most compound semiconductors are from combinations of elements from GroupIII and GroupV of the Periodic Table of the Elements (GaAs, GaP, InP and others).

A large number of elements and compounds have semiconducting properties, including: Certain pure elements are found in Group 14 of the periodic table; the most commercially important of these elements are silicon and n and germanium are used here effectively because they have 4 valence electrons in their outermost shell which gives them the ability to gain or lose electrons.

A pioneer in compound semiconductors, Sumitomo Electric has been involved in the development of this technology for more than half a century. This is the story of Hideki Hayashi, one of Sumitomo Electric’s fellows who have played a central role in compound semiconductor R&D, as well as the fascinating properties and future potential of the materials used to make these extraordinary chips.

Semiconductor Materials presents physico-chemical, electronic, electrical, elastic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, and other properties of a vast group of elemental, binary, and ternary inorganic semiconductors and their solid solutions. It also discusses the properties of organic s: 1. Germanium, a chemical element between silicon and tin in Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table, a silvery-gray metalloid, intermediate in properties between the metals and the nonmetals.

It did not become economically significant until afterwhen its properties as a semiconductor. The study of semiconductor materials began in the early 19th century.

The elemental semiconductors are those composed of single species of atoms, such as silicon (Si), germanium (Ge), and tin (Sn) in column IV and selenium (Se) and tellurium (Te) in column VI of the periodic are, however, numerous compound semiconductors, which are composed of two or more elements.

Elements and compounds are pure chemical substances found in nature. The difference between an element and a compound is that an element is a substance made of same type of atoms, whereas a compound is made of different elements in definite es of elements include iron, copper, hydrogen and es of compounds include water (H 2 O) and salt (Sodium.

The C 60 molecule is composed of 60 carbon atoms arranged in the shape of a soccer ball, made of twenty hexagons and twelve pentagons in a closed cage formation. Each atom is bonded to three others and is mixed sp 2-sp 3 hybridised.

C 60 behaves like electron-deficient alkenes and reacts with electron rich species. C 60 is the most stable structure among fullerenes with a van der Waals.

Volume 2: Properties of Elemental Surfaces. Volume 3: Properties of Composite Surfaces: Alloys, Compounds, Semiconductors. Volume 4: Solid-Solid Interfaces and Thin Films.

Volume 5: Solid-Gas Interfaces I. Volume 6: Solid-Gas Interfaces II. Volume 7: Solid-Liquid and Biological Interfaces.

Volume 8: Applications of Surface Science. In this volume. An elemental semiconductor is one composed of a single element. Silicon and germanium which form a diamond crystal structure (as does Carbon) are really the only practical elemental semiconductors. Compound semiconductors are formed from two or mo.Semiconductors A 3 B 5.

A 3 B 5 compounds are the closest equivalents of Si and Ge by their electro-physical properties. These compounds are created with elements of III groups of the periodic table (B, Al, Ga, In) and elements of V groups of the periodic table (N, P, As, Sb).•Semiconductors: Conductivity can be varied by several orders of magnitude.

•It is the ability to control conductivity that make semiconductors useful as “current/voltage control elements”. “Current/Voltage control” is the key to switches (digital logic including microprocessors etc), amplifiers, LEDs, LASERs, photodetectors, etc.